Osteoporosis and your T- score , what does it mean ?

If you have had your bone density scan, you may be confused by what all the information means. You will often be provided with many graphs, diagrams and numbers; however it is not as confusing as you may think! Firstly, lets recap on what our bone density means;

What changes happen in Osteoporotic bone ?


Your Bone Density is the thickness of the inner spongy part of your bones, you can see how this density changes in bone below with osteopenia and osteoporosis;



Normal bone density is thick, strong and easily resists breaking when put under pressure, for example if you trip your bones will withstand the force of falling. Osteopenic and osteoporotic bone is less able to withstand these orces and are more liable to break with falls.


What does the DEXA scan look at exactly ?



The DEXA scan , or “Dual X-ray Absorptometry”, is a quick and pain free scan that can tell you a lot about your body. It provides you with an in-depth analysis of your fat tissue, muscle mass and bone density.


When looking at osteoporotic change it measures the bone density at the lower back, known as the Lumbar Spine, and the neck of the femur which is near to the top of the leg bone.


Why are the femur and lumbar spine chosen ?


The neck of the femur takes a lot of your body weight when you walk, run or carry heavy loads such as a back pack.

If your bones have not been under enough pressure over time, then the density will decrease in these areas first.


The good news is that you can change your T-Score.


However its not all doom and gloom as these bone density scores can be improved upon greatly with a strength based exercise program, use this link to learn more about loading the bone.


Want to know more about osteoporosis and the bone health classes please eel free to give us a call.


Sophie


#osteoporosis #bonehealth #strongbones

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